Look for These Four Essential Skills in Your Job Candidates

By , October 6, 2011

I’ve been both a job seeker and a hiring manager during the last four decades in the mainstream job market. And, since birth, I’ve had cerebral palsy, which means I walk and talk with difficulty.

With that rather unusual background, I’ve found that there are essentially four basic skills which can determine how successful a job candidate will be in landing a meaningful job: marketing, advocating, problem solving and negotiating.

And, I believe these same skills are often good indicators of how well an applicant will perform once on the job.

Here’s how I define each of those four skills — and how they can show up in an effective job candidate who happens to have a disability.


A huckster sells or promotes in an aggressive and flashy manner. A job seeker doesn’t need to be a huckster.

But effective job seekers need to know the basics of personal branding. In today’s American culture, which puts a premium on individuality, your prime applicants have identified their strengths and passion and packaged them into personal brands which showcase them in an effective, sincere manner.

Effective job applicants are objective about what they can offer you, as an employer, even in the light of their disabilities. They offer those attributes in a forthright presentation which puts you, the employer, first, and them second.

I’d look for job candidates who have replaced the “objective” portion (which is “me” oriented) of their resumes with an “offering statement,” which, in one sentence, tells you, as a prospective employer, what they can do for you and your company.

An offering statement is brief, reflecting a job applicant’s well-selected accomplishments and skills. After all, as an employer, you’re more interested in what the candidate has to offer than what his or her personal objectives are.


Naked self-promotion is a negative in business circles. I want to hear what job applicants can do for my company or organization.

So, job candidates who happen to have a disability need to tell me, “This is what I need to do an effective job for you, and here’s how I can help you get what I need at a reasonable cost and not a lot of time on your part.”

I want a job applicant to be a self-advocate, and I want that individual to do it with the authenticity valued in today’s business world.

At no time do I want a job candidate with a disability to beg for a job by falling back on the cliché of “all I need is just one break.” People make their own breaks, disabled or not, by effectively preparing for a job, mastering effective job marketing techniques and showing employers why they are the best applicants for specific jobs.

Problem Solving

Imagination and daydreaming are fine pastimes, but what counts in business is creativity. Everyone can be creative, but not everyone is adept at applying creativity to personal challenges or on-the-job situations.

Problem solving is the ability to tap creativity for relieving a pain or paving the way to a gain — either on a personal level or within a corporate setting.

Ideally, a job candidate with a disability can demonstrate problem-solving ability in both areas. For instance, I want to know how applicants have harnessed technology to live well with their disabilities and how they can use that same ingenuity to adapt to my workplace requirements and help my company take advantage of often unseen opportunities.

Having that ability to match need and solution will give a job candidate the edge, in my mind, over any other applicant, regardless of disability.

I want to hear brief stories which trace the evolution of an applicant’s problem-solving abilities.


Instead of approaching an employment opportunity as an underdog due to a perceived weakness (such as a disability), job candidates should possess basic negotiating skills so they approach decisions about employment conditions, benefits and salary from a position of strength.

After all, job candidates are selling their skills, experience and attributes, and, as the prospective employer, you’re buying them.

I want applicants who have taken courses in negotiation, read books about negotiation and have practiced their negotiating skills. Knowing (and demonstrating) how to negotiate effectively for what they want, need and deserve in terms of salary, benefits and accommodations will make them a stronger job candidate and a more effective employee.

In fact, I’ve found that job candidates with disabilities who need accommodations are often savvy negotiators because they have had earlier-than-you-might-expect experience in identifying what they would like to have, what they’ll likely get, what they need at a minimum and what is not acceptable to them.

You’ll probably not find all of these skills (marketing, advocating, problem solving or negotiating) in applicants for an entry-level position, but if you do, you have a winner — maybe precisely because that individual has experience in using all four of those skills in learning how to live well with a disability.

Copyright © 2011. Hasse Communication Counseling. All rights reserved.

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Author: Jim Hasse

Jim Hasse, ABC, GCDF, (www.jimhasse.com) has compiled and edited the recommendations of HR experts and the personal observations of both job seekers and hiring managers into Perfectly Able: How to Attract and Hire Talented People with Disabilities, at .perfectlyable.com, a comprehensive disability recruitment guidebook for hiring managers published by AMACOM (September 2010), the publishing arm of the American Management Association. Lighthouse International (lighthouse.org), New York City, is the author of the 272-page hard-cover book, which continues to evolve online on Hasse's forum, Timely Tips for Retaining Employee Talent (forum.perfectlyable.com).